Classification and product selection analysis of t

  • Detail

Transmitter classification and product selection analysis

sensors and transmitters play an important role in the field of instruments, meters and industrial automation. Unlike sensors, transmitters generally have a certain amplification effect in addition to converting non electricity into measurable electricity. This paper briefly introduces the characteristics of various transmitters for users to choose

I. integrated temperature transmitter

integrated temperature transmitter is generally composed of temperature measuring probe (thermocouple or thermal resistance sensor) and two-wire solid-state electronic unit. The temperature measuring probe is directly installed in the junction box in the form of solid module, so as to form an integrated transmitter. Integrated temperature transmitters are generally divided into two types: thermal resistance and thermocouple

thermal resistance temperature transmitter is composed of reference unit, r/v conversion unit, linear circuit, reverse connection protection, current limiting protection, v/i conversion unit, etc. After the thermal resistance signal of temperature measurement is converted and amplified, the non-linear relationship between temperature and resistance is entered by the linear circuit, and the moving beam is connected to the lead screw for upward compensation through the transmission nut. After the v/i conversion circuit, a 4 ~ 20mA constant current signal with a linear relationship with the measured temperature is output

thermocouple temperature transmitter is generally composed of reference source, cold end compensation, amplification unit, linearization processing, v/i conversion, couple breaking processing, reverse connection protection, current limiting protection and other circuit units. After the thermoelectric force generated by the thermocouple is compensated and amplified by the cold end, the nonlinear error between thermoelectric force and temperature is eliminated by the linear circuit, and finally amplified and converted into a 4 ~ 20mA current output signal. In order to prevent accidents caused by the failure of temperature control due to the disconnection of thermocouple wire in thermocouple measurement, the transmitter is also equipped with a power-off protection circuit. When the thermocouple wire is broken or poorly connected, the transmitter will output the maximum value (28ma) to cut off the power supply of the instrument

the integrated temperature transmitter has the advantages of simple structure, improving the leading development ability, saving leads, large output signal, strong anti-interference ability, good linearity, simple display instrument, solid module anti-seismic and moisture-proof, reverse connection protection and current limiting protection, reliable operation, etc

the output of the integrated temperature transmitter is a unified 4 ~ 20mA signal; It can be matched with microcomputer system or other conventional instruments. It can also be made into explosion-proof or fire-proof measuring instruments as required by users

II. Pressure transmitter

pressure transmitter, also known as differential transmitter, is mainly composed of load cell sensor, module circuit, indicator, case and process connector. It can convert the received gas, liquid and other pressure signals into standard current and voltage signals to supply secondary instruments such as indicator alarm, recorder and regulator for measurement, indication and process regulation

The measurement schematic diagram of the pressure transmitter is shown in Figure 3. The measurement principle is: the process pressure and reference pressure act on both ends of the integrated silicon pressure sensor respectively, and the differential pressure causes the silicon wafer to deform (the displacement is very small, only μ M level), so that the full dynamic Wheatstone bridge made of semiconductor technology on silicon chip can output mv level voltage signal proportional to pressure driven by external current source. Due to the excellent strength of silicon material, the linearity and variation index of the output signal are very high. When working, the pressure transmitter converts the measured physical quantity into mv level voltage signal and sends it to the differential amplifier with high amplification and can offset the temperature drift. The amplified signal is converted into the corresponding current signal by the current conversion of the voltage electronic universal experimental machine, and then subjected to nonlinear correction. Finally, a standard current and voltage signal with a linear relationship with the input pressure is generated

pressure transmitter can be divided into general pressure transmitter (0.001mpa ~ 20m3) and micro differential pressure transmitter (0 ~ 30KPa) according to the pressure range

III. liquid level transmitter

1. Floating ball liquid level transmitter

floating ball liquid level transmitter is composed of magnetic floating ball, measuring conduit, signal unit, electronic unit, junction box and mounting parts

generally, the specific gravity of the magnetic floating ball is less than 0.5, which can float above the liquid level and move up and down along the measuring tube. A measuring element is installed in the catheter, which can convert the measured liquid level signal into a resistance signal proportional to the change of liquid level under the action of external magnetic field, and convert the electronic unit into 4 ~ 20mA or other standard signal output. The transmitter is a modular circuit, which has the advantages of acid resistance, moisture resistance, shock resistance, corrosion resistance, etc. the circuit contains a constant current feedback circuit and an internal protection circuit, which can make the maximum output current not more than 28ma, so it can reliably protect the power supply and the secondary instrument from damage

2. Floating level transmitter


Copyright © 2011 JIN SHI