How to seize the vent of the fourth industrial rev

2022-08-24
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How to seize the fourth industrial revolution

Abstract: with the emergence of ubiquitous mobile networks, smaller, cheaper and more powerful sensing technologies, as well as artificial intelligence and machine learning, the fourth industrial revolution will be far ahead of the three technological revolutions in terms of speed, scale and influence

the fourth industrial revolution is another scientific and technological revolution after the steam technology revolution, the electric power technology revolution and the information technology revolution. The first three industrial revolutions all started with a major scientific and technological innovation or invention. What kind of revolution is the fourth industrial revolution? What is its landmark technology or innovation? What changes will it bring to the traditional manufacturing industry and social life? How should we deal with it? At the fourth industrial revolution sub forum of the Boao Forum for Asia 2017 annual meeting held on March 24, guests expressed their views on this topic

intelligent integration is the symbol

"understanding the fourth industrial revolution is to understand the integration of the real world and the virtual world." Bernard Charles, CEO of Dassault systems and vice chairman of the board of directors, believes that the fourth industrial revolution is to provide better solutions in a sustainable way by integrating the real world and the virtual world through design and simulation, so as to make products have a better experience. Taking automobile as an example, it is to combine digital services, electronic products, software and mechanical systems to make it an intelligent automobile

the most important sign of the fourth industrial revolution is the realization of sustainable development with the help of artificial intelligence. Gu Tiancheng, chief sustainable development officer of Volvo Group, pointed out that we should not only understand how the virtual world and the real world are connected in industrial production, but also understand the application of these technologies in life

according to the interpretation of different versions of the fourth industrial revolution, Zeng Qinghong, chairman of GAC group, believes that its core is intelligence, "whether it is the physical world or the biological world, it is nothing more than the integration of intelligent technology without gaps"

"if the fourth industrial revolution must be given a birthday, I think it should be the 1990s." Wu Lebin, chairman of Guoke holdings, said that when the information highway rose, many scientists felt that it was far away. Later, they found that reality developed faster than people expected, "especially the invention of Wi Fi in 1996, which made computing ubiquitous, and the emergence of intelligence made it no longer a tool, but our 'organ'."

traditional industries usher in new opportunities

with the ubiquitous mobile network, smaller, cheaper and more powerful sensing technology, as well as the emergence of artificial intelligence and machine learning, the fourth industrial revolution will be far ahead of the three technological revolutions in terms of speed, scale and influence. So how to transform traditional enterprises through the fourth industrial revolution? As a representative of traditional industries, Zeng Qinghong said that the key is to develop and produce intelligent products based on market demand through intelligent manufacturing, improve organizational efficiency, and introduce diversified capital to match smart services

"on the one hand, China has overcapacity in steel and cement; on the other hand, the supply of medium and high-end, high-quality products is insufficient. If the manufacturing industry can become more intelligent, it can achieve faster adjustment." Bernard Cha and Ali's data capabilities believe that only by digitalizing the manufacturing industry can it be possible to build a sustainable economy

Tim Sweeney, the founder and CEO of the world-famous Epic Games, said that technologies such as computer simulation products are developing rapidly, which will promote revolutionary changes in design, marketing and user experience. For example, the field of video games has already achieved the combination of virtual and reality

Tim Sweeney also said that 50% of the world's people currently live in cities. Relying on virtual technology to design cities helps build smart cities that are more suitable for people's work and life. Some urban designers may not fully understand the impact of their own design, but can simulate it through virtual technology. For example, how will driverless cars change the face of cities, and what technologies can promote better human-computer interaction, produce new products, and even create new jobs

innovation system urgently needs to be established

building industrial interconnection and realizing intelligent manufacturing are considered to be the core of the fourth industrial revolution and the direction of the manufacturing industry in Europe and the United States, but opportunities often coexist with challenges. "The first is the problem of scale cost. Intellectualization requires huge investment. If there is no big output, can small enterprises afford it? The second is the problem of employment. With artificial intelligence, will the employment of employees be affected? The third is the problem of morality. Taking driverless cars as an example, in the face of inevitable traffic accidents, is it to protect people inside or outside the car?" Zeng Qinghong is worried about this

a guest quoted the "future employment report" recently released by the world economic forum and pointed out that the fourth industrial revolution will lead to the disappearance of 7.1 million jobs in the next five years, 250mm/min ± 25mm/min faster than the experimental speed, due to layoffs, the development of automation and the reduction of intermediary links, most of which belong to "white-collar" jobs and administrative jobs. If all the achievements of the fourth industrial revolution are used in China's industry, how many employees will be unemployed? And how many jobs can the new technological revolution add? Can new jobs and unemployed jobs be effectively connected and seamlessly connected

but Gu Tiancheng is not worried about job creation. "Even if the trucks are self driving, the truck drivers will still be there." For example, he said, the aircraft has a auto drive system, but there are still pilots during the flight. He believes that when the steam engine comes, people are worried that many jobs will be lost, but in fact, more jobs have been created

Tim Sweeney believes that when the virtual world is combined with the real world, it puts forward higher requirements for the government, because it requires new regulatory regulations and new policies. The evolution of government rules and regulations is very slow, and technology changes too fast, so the two may not be synchronized. In addition, as society will rely more on networks and information, the government needs to strengthen the protection of data security and network security

"in Israeli education, mothers are very important. Israeli mothers will ask their children, did you ask today? But our Chinese mothers ask, how many points did you get on the test?" Wu Lebin also believed that it would be difficult to meet the requirements of humidity control accuracy. He believed that China's mother's question was not innovation education. If China wanted to seize the air of the fourth industrial revolution, it would also establish an innovation system including national education, science and technology banking, science and technology insurance, etc

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